Satyendra Nath Bose was a famous Bengali-Indian physicist and a great mathematician, best known for his work with the Albert Einstein on the famous Bose-Einstein-Condensate as well also being the namesake of the famous boson particle. Bose was born in the Kolkata, India on January 1, 1894 as the most eldest and a only male child of his family. His mother had no type of formal education, but ensured that her children will never lack the education. Bose, always having been a very intelligent student, was very encouraged in the pursuit of the studies by his mother.
In 1924, Bose made the biggest and the greatest breakthrough of his career when he finally wrote a paper in which he had derived the Planck’s “quantum radiation law”. This he did by just counting the number of the identical states, without any kind of reference to any classical physics theories. This paper was of very immense importance as the Planck’s law had not been successfully proven satisfactorily up to this level. This paper was submitted by the Bose to Albert Einstein for his review. Einstein was considerably very impressed with the Bose’s research and also translated it into the German and further submitted his paper to the great European Physics Journal (known as the Zeitschrift für Physik) with his own personal recommendation. Einstein used the Bose’s basic concept and then further extended the research into the developed field of the material physics.
Bose was then appointed as the head of all the Physics department at University of Kolkata upon his return from the Paris in the 1927 and he then continued to hold this position until the year 1945. Bose then stopped publishing papers for a very long time after his return and instead chose to concentrate on other fields such as the philosophy, literature and the famous Indian independence movement. He was latterly awarded the title of the Padma Vibhushan by the Indian government itself, which is the second top highest civilian award in the India, and in 1959, he was appointed as the “National Professor” which is the most highest honor received by any scholar in India. Other great honors include adviser to the Council of the Scientific and Industrial Research, National Institute of the Science and appointment as the Fellow of the Royal Society in the London in 1958 and the president of the Indian Physical Society. Satyendra Nath Bose died on the February 4, 1974. The S.N. Bose National Centre for the Basic Sciences is located in the Salt Lake, Calcutta is named in his honor.